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Museums of Rome - ITALY

Museums of Rome:

~ Musei Capitolini (Capitoline Museums);
~ Museo Nazionale Romano - Palazzo Altemps (National Roman Museum - Altemps Palace);
~ Museo di Villa Borghese (Museum of Villa Borghese);
~ Musei Vaticani (Vatican Museum);


(Musei Capitolini (Capitoline Museums))
Rome, 100 mt
- Musei Capitolini (Capitoline Museums);
The Musei Capitolini (Capitoline Museums), founded in 1471 thanks to a donation of a group of bronze statues (Lupa [female Wolf], Spinario, Camillo and Testa di Costantino [Constantine's head]) to the Roman people by Pope Sisto IV, are the most ancient public collection in the world. Their seats are three palaces: Palazzo dei Conservatori (Palace of Conservatives), Palazzo Nuovo (New Palace), Palazzo Senatorio (Senatorial Palace).
  • Palazzo dei Conservatori (Palace of Conservatives) was built in 1568 by Giacomo della Porta. The Apartment of Conservatives' rooms contain very important works of art such as the famous Spinario, Bruto Capitolino (Capitoline Brutus) and the well-known Lupa Capitolina (Capitoline female Wolf). On the second floor you can visit the Pinacoteca Capitolina (Capitoline Picture Gallery).
  • Museo Capitolino (Capitoline Museum), located inside Palazzo Nuovo (New Palace), is used for the exhibition of ancient sculptures. In 1990 the bronze equestrian statue of Marco Aurelio, dating back to 175 A.D., was put in the museum. Among the sculptures you can see the famous Venere Capitolina (Capitoline Venus). The museum also contains a collection of portraits, mostly coming from Cardinal Albani's collection.
  • Palazzo Senatorio (Senatorial Palace), located in Piazza del Campidoglio (Capitol Square) was built over the remains of the ancient Tabularium in the twelfth century. Outside the Palace you can admire two statues: Tevere (the Tiber) and Nilo (the Nile).


(National Roman Museum)
Rome, 100 mt
- Museo Nazionale Romano - Palazzo Altemps (National Roman Museum - Altemps Palace);
It is one of the most important archaeological complex of museums in the world. It is made up of five seats: Palazzo Massimo delle Terme (Massimo delle Terme Palace), Aula Ottagona, Palazzo Altemps (Altemps Palace), Terme di Diocleziano (Diocletian's baths) and Cripta Balbi (Balbi Crypt).
Inside the Museo Nazionale Romano or delle Terme, located in Viale De Nicola (De Nicola Avenue), you can find: the V-century Trono Ludovisi (Ludovisi Throne), Chiostro di Michelangelo (Michelangelo's Cloister), by Michelangelo; Stucchi della Farnesina (Farnesina's Stuccoes); Sala degli affreschi della casa di Livia a Prima Porta (Livia's house's frescoes room in Prima Porta), reconstructions of Augustus's wife's house. Some sections have been moved to Piazza del Cinquecento (Cinquecento Square), inside the former Collegio Massimo, which will become the central seat of the Roman archaeological complex of museums.


(Museum of Villa Borghese)
Rome, 100 mt
- Museo di Villa Borghese (Museum of Villa Borghese);
In the most elevated spot of Villa Borghese's park, which includes many architectonic structures, you can find the Casino Borghese, built by the Dutch architect Van Zans (Vasanzio) in 1613 and today seat of the Borghese Museum and Picture Gallery.
Inside it you can see a beautiful collection of statues and paintings bearing witness to the suphisticated tastes whereas the ceilings are decorated sumptuously.
There are many works by Bernini, such as Davide (David), Apollo e Dafne (Apollo and Daphne), Enea e Anchise (Aeneas and Anchise), Pietas Romana and others, and by Caravaggio, such as the well-known Autoritratto (Self-Portrait) and Davide con la testa di Golia (David with Golia's head).


(Musei Vaticani (Vatican Museum))
Rome, 100 mt
- Musei Vaticani (Vatican Museums);
The Vatican Museums are among the most important museums in the world. They form a complex of museums and picture galleries located in the ancient buildings of the Vatican Palaces.
Inside it you can find several areas:
  • Picture Gallery: it contains works such as the Stefaneschi triptych by Giotto, portraying Christ on the throne surrounded by angels with scenes of St Peter's crucifixion and of St Paul's martyrdom; as to the XVII-century paintings, you can see St Peter's Deposition from the Cross by Caravaggio.
  • Museo Chiaramonti (Chiaramonti Museum): you can see the statue of Ganymede dating back to the Imperial age and a huge head of the God Athena dating back to the Hadrian age.
  • Museo Gregoriano Egizio (Gregorian Egyptian Museum): it contains colossal inscriptions by Queen Tuia, i.e. Ramses II's mother, by Ptolemy Filadelfo, sarcophaguses and mummies.
  • Museo Gregoriano Etrusco (Gregorian Etruscan Museum).
  • Museo Gregoriano Profano (Gregorian Secular Museum).
  • Museo Pio Clementino (Pius Clementine Museum): it contains Constance's porphyry sarcophagus, i.e. Emperor Constantine's daughter, which dates back to a period between 350 and 360 A.D.; the museum also contains Helena's sarcophagus, i.e. the Emperor's mother.
  • Stanze di Raffaello (Raphael's rooms): they are four communicating rooms: Constantine's room, Eliodoro's room, the Room of Signatura and the Room of the Fire.
  • Cappella Sistina (Sistine Chapel): it was built by order of Pope Sisto IV della Rovere and it was painted by Michelangelo. In the Chapel you can see the marvellous scene of the Last Judgment painted on the vault.

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